With the increased number of population in the world, even someone who has not studied Economics will know that in the long run, there will be a shortage of the global food supply. There will come a time that agricultural sectors can no longer cope with the increased demand for food. The simple economic model of supply and demand will agree with this. Gladly, people nowadays already have acquired awareness to this economic crisis that they are constantly seeking for ways to feed themselves without depending on the supply chain. Several technologies have been employed to address this global concern.
Three of the most popular and innovative cultivation techniques are Hydroponics, Aquaculture and Aquaponics. Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without the use of soil, only water and nutrient solutions. Aquaculture on the other hand is the cultivation of basically all kinds of species of marine or freshwater fish and plants in a controlled water environment. Both of these techniques however need timely visual and technical monitoring, else the system will fail. This is where Aquaponics come into equation. By combining Hydroponics and Aquaculture, the key problems of each system are solved while the benefits are preserved. I know you are all curious as to what Aquaponics is really all about or maybe interested in setting up your own Aquaponics system (or you may not be reading this!), so let’s get the ball rolling!
Aquaponics is a synergy between Aquaculture and Hydroponics. The term Aquaponics itself came from these two terms. Combining the benefits of these two cultivation methods produce an even greater effect, which is growing your own food in the comforts of your own backyard, hassle-free and waste-free. Plus, you can be certain that all the crops and fishes grown are organic. Start saying goodbye to your chemical-laden produce bought from supermarkets!
Basically, an Aquaponics system will only be composed of a fish tank, a grow bed with plants, and a source of energy (electrical, solar, etc.,) to power a water pump. It is also best to include some air pumps and additional bio/mechanical filtration components into the system. The waste water coming from the fish growing tanks (aquaculture) feeds the plants in grow beds (hydroponics) and the plants in turn, clean the water for the fish. This system is an extremely efficient cycle called Aquaponics. As you might have already guessed, the three most important characters in this system are the fishes, plants and bacteria. Yes, you’ve read it right, bacteria. An Aquaponics system simply will not work without bacteria. It plays an important role in converting fish wastes into nutrients needed by plants. These three main characters should work symbiotically to maintain a healthy and balanced ecosystem. In just a matter of time, you can already provide healthy food for you and your family.